The birth of the Indian Head cent was due mainly to problems of its short lived predecessor, the Flying Eagle cent. Designed by Chief Engraver James B. Longacre, it was difficult to strike -- the head and tail feathers of the eagle in particular, since the heavy reverse wreath was opposite in the dies from these features.
Flying Eagle Cent
Origin/Flying Eagle Cent
         1858 Patterns
         1859 1st year type
Design Changes/1860 bust types
         1864 bronze & L type
         1865 & 1873 date types
         1886 obverse types
         1908 & 1909 San Francisco Mint
         1909 obverse type
Obverse Hubs
Reverse Hubs